Professor of Information Security; Principal Investigator, Centre for Secure Information Technologies; Director, UK Research Institute in Secure Hardware and Embedded Systems
Queen's University Belfast
Recognized for: Inventing novel attack-resilient computer hardware platforms and chipdesigns that have found immediate applications.
Areas of Research Interest and Expertise: Hardware Security, Data Security Architectures, Computer Arithmetic, Physical Unclonable Functions, Post-quantum Cryptography
MEng, Queen's University Belfast PhD, Queen's University Belfast (Advisor: Prof. Sir John McCanny) Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Queen's University Belfast (Advisor: Prof. Sir John McCanny) Royal Academy of Engineering Research Fellowship and EPSRC Leadership Fellowship, Queen's University Belfast
Prof. Máire O'Neill has established a world-class reputation for her research and invention in the field of hardware security - the development of attack-resilient computer hardware platforms and chip designs. She has developed several novel hardware architectures that could be immediately realized in real applications, providing performance levels that are orders of magnitude faster than prior security implementations while also being cost effective.
Early in her career, Prof. O'Neill developed an optimized integrated circuit design of the advanced encryption standard (AES), today's most widely used encryption algorithm. Her single-chip AES design improved hardware efficiency six fold, and has been successfully commercialized and incorporated in more than 100 million digital TV decoders worldwide by 2011. Her recent work has produced the most robust and low-cost solution of physical unclonable functions (PUFs), a technique utilizing variations in integrated circuit manufacturing processes to extract unique 'digital fingerprints' for computer devices to verify their authenticity. Her patented PUF technique is currently undergoing technology translation, and has been built into a demonstration model to address electronic component counterfeiting in industry. Her major contributions also include a novel hardware security architecture based on nanotechnology with ultra-low power consumption, and an optimized hardware design that speeds up fully homomorphic encryption, a cryptosystem supporting direct computation on encrypted data without decoding, by 130 times. Her achievements have already generated an enormous impact in society, which will continue to increase as cyber attacks costing the global economy hundreds of billions of dollars annually continue to grow at an unprecedented scale.
"The explosion in the number of connected devices through both cloud and Internet of Things technologies has led to growing security and privacy concerns. A strong hardware security foundation is essential in realising effective security in these ICT systems. My research seeks to provide practical and effective hardware security solutions that meet the real-time computation and resource-constrained requirements of ICT systems, services and applications."
J. Howe, A. Khalid, C. Rafferty, F. Regazzoni, M. O'Neill. On practical discrete Gaussian samplers for lattice-based cryptography. IEEE Transactions on Computers, 2018.
X. Cao, C. Moore, M. O'Neill, M, E. O'Sullivan, N. Hanley. Optimised multiplication architectures for accelerating fully homomorphic encryption. IEEE Transactions on Computers, 2016.
C. J. McIvor, M. McLoone, J. V. McCanny. Hardware elliptic curve cryptographic processor over GF(p). IEEE Transactions on Circuits & Systems Part I, 2006.
M. McLoone, J. V. McCanny. Rijndael FPGA implementations utilising look-up tables. Journal of VLSI Signal Processing Systems, 2003.
Member, Royal Irish Academy
Fellow, Irish Academy of Engineering
Silver Medal, Royal Academy of Engineering
Leadership Fellowship, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
British Female Inventor of the Year, British Female Inventors & Innovators Network (BFIIN)
Women's Engineering Society prize; Young Woman Engineer of the Year awards, Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)