Sergei V. Kalinin

2018 National Award Winner — Faculty

Sergei V. Kalinin

Current Position:
Director, Institute for Functional Imaging of Materials

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Materials Science & Nanotechnology

Recognized for: Fundamentally changing the way scientists are able to measure, image, and manipulate matter at the atomic and nanoscale.

Areas of Research Interest and Expertise: Atomic Fabrication by E-beams, Physics from Atomically-resolved Imaging, Scanning Probe Microscopy, Machine Learning & Big Data in Materials Science, Nanoscience & Technology

Sergei Kalinin


PhD, University of Pennsylvania
MS, Moscow State University, Russia

Dr. Sergei V. Kalinin combines scanning probe and electron imaging techniques with materials theory, big data analytics and machine learning to develop innovative instrumentation technologies that not only allow scientists to quantitatively map material properties, but also allows scientists to manipulate matter atom by atom and control a material’s functionality at the atomic and nanoscale. More recently, Dr. Kalinin has taken what was once considered an undesirable artifact in electron imaging – damage incurred by an electron beam hitting the sample during imaging with a scanning transmission electron microscope – and harnessed it in a precise and controlled manner to manipulate atomic structure not only at the surface but also in the bulk of the material.

"The scientific community is undergoing a transformative change in the way that science is performed, driven by marked shifts in the generation and processing of data, and enabled by advances in statistical and machine learning techniques. I aim to harness these advances in the area of atomically resolved imaging, to transform the process from one of pure observation to active manipulation, delivering insights into the physics controlling atomic dynamics and providing the means to direct individual atoms into desired positions, thereby creating new materials and enabling atomic scale device fabrication."

Key Publications:

  1. Ondrej Dyck, Songkil Kim, Sergei V. Kalinin, and Stephen Jesse, Placing single atoms in graphene with a scanning transmission electron microscope, Appl. Phys. Lett. 111, 113104 (2017).
  2. Sergei V. Kalinin, Albina Borisevich and Stephen Jesse, Fire up the atom forge: Rethink electron microscopy to build quantum materials from scratch, Nature (539) pp. 487, November 24, 2016.
  3. Stephen Jesse, Qian He*, Andrew R. Lupini, Donovan N. Leonard, Mark P. Oxley, Oleg Ovchinnikov, Raymond R. Unocic, Alexander Tselev, Miguel Fuentes-Cabrera, Bobby G. Sumpter, Stephen J. Pennycook, Sergei V. Kalinin, and Albina Y. Borisevich*, Atomic-Level Sculpting of Crystalline Oxides: Toward Bulk Nanofabrication with Single Atomic Plane Precision, Small, 11, No. 44, 5895–5900, 2015.
  4. Sergei V. Kalinin, Bobby G. Sumpter, and Richard K. Archibald, Big-deep-smart data in imaging for guiding materials design, Nat. Materials,14, 973 (2015).

Other Honors:

2017   Fellow, Materials Research Society
2017   Fellow, IEEE
2017   Finalist, Blavatnik National Award for Young Scientists, Physics
2016   Finalist, Blavatnik National Award for Young Scientists, Physics
2016   RD100 Award for “G-Mode Scanning Probe Microscopy and Spectroscopy”
2015   Fellow, American Physical Society
2015   Fellow, American Vacuum Society
2015   Medal for Scanning Probe Microscopy, Royal Microscopical Society
2010   Burton Medal for Young Investigator, Microscopy Society of America
2009   Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE)

In the Media:

Information from All Dimensions in Imaging - IFIM
30th anniversary of the Nobel prize in scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and the 30th anniversary since the first paper in atomic force microscopy (AFM)
Atomic Forge - Foresight Institute